Stock Market on Blockchain

Stock Market on Blockchain

Introduction

Blockchains are built on a series of innovations in organizing and sharing data. The objective is to make one version of the reality, used by all participants, containing a far richer dataset than exists in any one system these days. This will inturn enable new industry processes to be developed, based on the use of transparent real-time data, and the expansion of auto-executing ‘smart’ contracts, with business logic encoded into the ledger.
If we talk about the Stock market, Blockchain offers huge potential for tracing securities lending, repo and margin financing and monitoring systemic risks.

Beyond using the technology as an operating procedure for an exchange system, the blockchain has also found, through cryptocurrencies, a use as a way of raising capital, in place of traditional stock and equity markets.

1. Primary Market activities

Beyond using the technology as an operating procedure for an exchange system, the blockchain has also found, through cryptocurrencies, a use as a way of raising capital, in place of traditional stock and equity markets.

For several months already, a new form of public offering has been flourishing, not only because they deal with start-ups, but mainly because they are in the form of cryptocurrencies, like Bitcoin or Ether, from where comes the initialism ICO – Initial Coin Offering, with reference to IPO – Initial Public Offering. These operations are a quick way of securing financing – capital can be raised in as little as a few hours to a few days – for entrepreneurs in the world of blockchain, allowing them to test their ideas or project on a community of experts.

Taking into account the potential of this technology, these capital raise also attract more and more investors looking for added value, even if they do not always understand the technological specificities of the project.

2. Secondary Market activities and Trading

The blockchain has not only prompted innovation on the primary market, with the appearance of ICOs: it may also have a revolutionary effect on secondary market and trading activities.

The distinctive aspect of this process largely relies on the manner in which an efficient process of order matching and price formation is conceived. Essentially, the ability to use the blockchain, with an added value, for negotiating activities, depends on two factors: First, the nature of the financial instruments traded and second is the nature of the intended
negotiating activity.

Using the blockchain for trading activities is conceivable even before the creation of the transaction for other instruments. This is typically the case for instruments whose trading price is purely bilateral.

The possibility of using a blockchain for trading purposes thus depends on multiple factors. Nevertheless, it can be expected that the application of the advantages provided by this technology to other segments of the value chain will have a major effect on trading activities.
In particular, by streamlining the post-trading phase, blockchain is bound to have as much of an impact on the demand as on the supply of capital, by prompting a growing number of capital issuances on the markets and by increasing investment in and exchanges of instruments in circulation and therefore the volumes traded.

3. Post-trading activities

Blockchain can also simplify the landscape of traditional organisation and operation of post- trading activities.

In the traditional scheme of things, a transaction’s life cycle on the stock market requires the presence of a market intermediary, a trading platform and various post-trading infrastructures and intermediaries, including a clearing-house, a settlement agent, a depository and a central depository.

In the new model, the instruction to buy or sell a financial security on a stock market follows a complex cycle, both in technical and legal terms, due to the presence of these various entities. It is even sometimes difficult to track an order all the way from the investor to the delivery or payment: the clearing house makes it impossible to track an individual instruction due to multilateral settlement methods.

In financial markets, the steady disappearance of paper securities and their replacement with virtual assets has led to the replacement of physical settlement using cash, with digital trades. The need remains however, for a ‘golden record’, a way for market infrastructures and intermediaries to keep their individual databases updated by communicating with the other institutions involved at other levels of post-trading, in order to be able to reflect each transaction in the records for each intermediary/infrastructure. Therefore, golden record in the financial market would be a well innovated blockchain app that caters to the people of Stock market.

In case, you are looking to understand blockchain implications in your business sector in more detail, drop us an email on [email protected] or schedule a free consultation with our team of blockchain experts who can guide you through the blockchain implementation in a specific use case.